Some daily events in the changing sky for June 5 – 13.

Moon and Jupiter after midnight

The Moon looks eeriest when it's waning gibbous and rising late at night. Late this week, it does so with Jupiter accompanying it. (These scenes are drawn for the middle of North America. European observers: move each Moon symbol a quarter of the way toward the one for the previous date.)

Sky & Telescope diagram

Friday, June 5

  • Vega is the brightest star shining in the east after dark. Deneb is the brightest to its lower left (by two or three fist-widths at arm's length). Look for Altair farther down to Vega's lower right. These three stars form the huge Summer Triangle.

    Saturday, June 6

  • Antares Occultation. The practically full Moon occults (covers) 1st-magnitude Antares tonight for much of North America and for all of Mexico, Central America, northern South America, and the Caribbean. With the Moon this bright, you'll need a telescope. See the article and maps in the June Sky & Telescope, page 52. Local timetables.

    Sunday, June 7

  • Full Moon (exact at 2:12 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time).

    Monday, June 8

  • Early Tuesday morning, Jupiter's moons Io and Ganymede are both casting their tiny black shadows onto the planet from 1:06 to 3:16 a.m. PDT (4:06 to 6:16 a.m. EDT).

    Tuesday, June 9

  • After dark, the head of Scorpius is already looming well up in the southeast. In the depths above it smoulders the 18th-magnitude recurrent nova U Scorpii. Bradley Schaefer predicts that U Sco is likely to erupt again (to 8th or 9th magnitude) sometime this year. To catch it during its 5-hour rise, a lot of telescope users will have to be checking it often. Want to join them? See our article. Observers are especially needed at longitudes around the world that are sparsely populated with astronomers.

    Wednesday, June 10

  • In binoculars, a globular cluster looks like a dim, slightly fuzzy star. The globular M3 in Bootes offers a fine chance to make this comparison; it's just ½° from a star of the same brightness (6th magnitude). Find them starting from Arcturus, using the chart in Gary Seronik's "Binocular Highlight" in the June Sky & Telescope, page 45.

    Thursday, June 11

  • A small telescope will always show Titan, Saturn's largest moon. Tonight Titan is four ring-lengths to Saturn's east. A guide to identifying other Saturnian satellites often visible in amateur scopes is in the June Sky & Telescope, page 47.

    Friday, June 12

  • After midnight tonight, look lower left of the waning Moon in the east for Jupiter on the rise, as shown above. They stand high in the southeast by dawn.

    Saturday, June 13

  • As twilight fades this week, look low in the northwest for bright Capella. See how it twinkles at this low altitude! Binoculars may show it flashing vivid colors as it very slowly sinks.

    How late in the season can you continue to see Capella? This depends entirely on your latitude. North of latitude 46° (Seattle, Quebec City, central France) the star is circumpolar and never sets at all.

    Want to become a better amateur astronomer? Learn your way around the constellations. They're the key to locating everything fainter and deeper to hunt with binoculars or a telescope. For an easy-to-use constellation guide covering the whole evening sky, use the big monthly map in each issue of Sky & Telescope, the essential magazine of astronomy. Or download our free Getting Started in Astronomy booklet (which only has bimonthly maps).

    Pocket Sky Atlas

    The Pocket Sky Atlas plots 30,796 stars to magnitude 7.6 — which may sound like a lot, but that's less than one star in an entire telescopic field of view, on average. By comparison, Sky Atlas 2000.0 plots 81,312 stars to magnitude 8.5, typically one or two stars per telescopic field. Both atlases include many hundreds of deep-sky targets — galaxies, star clusters, and nebulae — to hunt among the stars.

    Sky & Telescope

    Once you get a telescope, to put it to good use you'll need a detailed, large-scale sky atlas (set of charts; the standards are Sky Atlas 2000.0 or the smaller Pocket Sky Atlas) and good deep-sky guidebooks (such as Sky Atlas 2000.0 Companion by Strong and Sinnott, the more detailed and descriptive Night Sky Observer's Guide by Kepple and Sanner, or the classic Burnham's Celestial Handbook). Read how to use them effectively.

    Can a computerized telescope take their place? I don't think so — not for beginners, anyway, and especially not on mounts that are less than top-quality mechanically. As Terence Dickinson and Alan Dyer say in their Backyard Astronomer's Guide, "A full appreciation of the universe cannot come without developing the skills to find things in the sky and understanding how the sky works. This knowledge comes only by spending time under the stars with star maps in hand and a curious mind." Without these, they note, "the sky never becomes a friendly place."

    More beginners' tips: "How to Start Right in Astronomy".

    This Week's Planet Roundup

    Jupiter with pale Great Red Spot

    Jupiter's Great Red Spot (GRS) was approaching the central meridian when Christopher Go took this image on May 28, 2009. "The GRS is very pale!" writes Go. Also, "There is a very complex rift system at the North Equatorial Belt [just below center]. Note the streaks on the North Temperate Belt. There are large ovals around the area of the North North Temperate Belt." South is up.

    For all of the Red Spot's central-meridian crossing times, good worldwide, use our Red Spot calculator or print out our list for 2009.

    Christopher Go

    Mercury is both faint and buried deep in the glow of sunrise, very far lower left of Venus. Good luck.

    Venus (magnitude –4.4, near the Pisces-Aries border) shines brightly due east during dawn. In a telescope Venus appears about half lit. It's at western elongation from the Sun on June 5th (46° from the Sun), but it generally appears exactly half lit (at dichotomy) several days before. The best telescopic views of Venus come in full early-morning daylight, when the planet is higher in steadier air.

    Mars (magnitude +1.1, in Aries) has closed to within only about 4° to Venus's left. But it's 160 times fainter! There are four reasons for this: Mars is farther from the Sun so it gets illuminated less brightly, it's a smaller planet than Venus, its surface is darker than Venus's white clouds, and it's currently farther from Earth.

    Jupiter (magnitude –2.5, in Capricornus) shines brightly in the southeast before and during dawn, high enough now for good telescopic observing. The sharpest glimpses may come during morning twilight, when the atmospheric seeing sometimes turns very steady.

    Saturn at 0:57 May 22, 2009 UT

    Saturn on the evening of May 21st, imaged by S&T's Sean Walker with a 14-inch scope. The bottom view is the same image brightened to an extreme to bring out five of Saturn's moons, including faint little Mimas. "All of them were visible in the eyepiece," he says.

    Have you noticed how dim Saturn's rings have been lately? It's because they've turned more nearly edge-on to the Sun than they are to Earth. Also, the black line across Saturn's globe is now a combination of the dimly sunlit surface of the rings themselves and their darker shadow on Saturn's globe. South is up, east is to the right.

    S&T: Sean Walker

    Saturn (magnitude +0.9, in Leo) is now in the southwest at dusk. It moves lower to the west later in the evening. Regulus, not quite as bright, sparkles 15° to its lower right.

    In a telescope Saturn's rings appear only 4° from edge on. And see how they've dimmed! The caption at right tells why.

    Uranus (magnitude 5.9, in Pisces) is between Venus and Jupiter before dawn.

    Neptune (magnitude 7.9, in Capricornus) still appears less than 1° from Jupiter, though it's 15,000 times dimmer. See our finder charts for Uranus and Neptune.

    Pluto (14th magnitude, in northwestern Sagittarius) is highest in the south around 1 or 2 a.m. See the finder chart in the June Sky & Telescope, page 53.

    All descriptions that relate to your horizon or zenith — including the words up, down, right, and left — are written for the world's mid-northern latitudes. Descriptions that also depend on longitude (mainly Moon positions) are for North America. Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) equals Universal Time (also known as UT, UTC, or GMT) minus 4 hours.

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