Crescent Moon, Venus, and Jupiter in twilight, Sept 2-4, 2016
Shortly after sunset, the thin waxing crescent Moon steps away from Venus and lower, fainter Jupiter. (The Moon's positions are always plotted exact for the middle of North America. Jupiter's visibility through thick air in bright twilight is exaggerated here. The blue 10° scale is about the width of your fist at arm's length.)

Friday, September 2

A twilight challenge: Shortly after sunset, use binoculars or a wide-field scope to start looking for the super-thin crescent Moon near Jupiter and Venus in the bright sky just above the west-southwest horizon, as shown at right. The Moon will be much easier tomorrow.

Saturday, September 3

• Shortly after sunset, the crescent Moon low in the west-southwest points the way lower right to bright Venus and tougher Jupiter, as shown at right.

Sunday, September 4

• The Moon has stepped farther to the upper left of Venus in the afterglow of sunset. Can you pick out little Spica twinkling below the Moon?

Monday, September 5

• Crisp nights of late summer are prime Milky Way time, as hot-weather humid hazes give way to dryer, clearer air (at least where a lot of us live). After dark, the Milky Way runs from Sagittarius in the south, up and left across Aquila, through the big Summer Triangle almost overhead, and on down through Cassiopeia to Perseus rising in the north-northeast. Enjoy it tonight before the Moon starts brightening the evening sky.

Tuesday, September 6

• As summer approaches its end, Vega becomes the zenith star around the end of twilight (for skywatchers at mid-northern latitudes). And Arcturus, its zero-magnitude equal for brightness, shines moderately low in the west.

Wednesday, September 7

• The asteroids 1 Ceres and 18 Melpomene, magnitudes 8 and 9, will both fit in a telescope's low-power eyepiece very late tonight and tomorrow night; they're 0.8° apart. See the September Sky & Telescope, page 51.

Moon, Saturn and Mars Sept 8-9, 2016
The first-quarter Moon stands over Saturn and Mars in twilight next Thursday and Friday, respectively.

Thursday, September 8

• The Moon this evening forms a roughly vertical lineup with Saturn and Antares below it, while brighter Mars glows yellow-orange to their left, as shown here.

Friday, September 9

• Now the Moon shines over Mars at dusk. The Saturn-Mars-Antares triangle, the emblem of this summer's evening sky, continues to morph. In the coming days and weeks Saturn and Antares will continue to move farther toward the lower right, while Mars hangs back and fades. By mid-autumn Saturn and Antares will be gone.

Saturday, September 10

• The Moon at nightfall shines over the Sagittarius Teapot. The Teapot is tipping and pouring to the right.


Want to become a better astronomer? Learn your way around the constellations! They're the key to locating everything fainter and deeper to hunt with binoculars or a telescope.

This is an outdoor nature hobby. For an easy-to-use constellation guide covering the whole evening sky, use the big monthly map in the center of each issue of Sky & Telescope, the essential guide to astronomy.

Pocket Sky Atlas, jumbo edition
The Pocket Sky Atlas plots 30,796 stars to magnitude 7.6 — which may sound like a lot, but it's less than one per square degree on the sky. Also plotted are many hundreds of telescopic galaxies, star clusters, and nebulae. Shown above is the new Jumbo Edition for easier reading in the night. Click image for larger view.

Once you get a telescope, to put it to good use you'll need a detailed, large-scale sky atlas (set of charts). The basic standard is the Pocket Sky Atlas (in either the original or new Jumbo Edition), which shows stars to magnitude 7.6.

Next up is the larger and deeper Sky Atlas 2000.0, plotting stars to magnitude 8.5, nearly three times as many. The next up, once you know your way around, is the even larger Uranometria 2000.0 (stars to magnitude 9.75). And read how to use sky charts with a telescope.

You'll also want a good deep-sky guidebook, such as Sue French's Deep-Sky Wonders collection (which includes its own charts), Sky Atlas 2000.0 Companion by Strong and Sinnott, or the bigger Night Sky Observer's Guide by Kepple and Sanner.

Can a computerized telescope replace charts? Not for beginners, I don't think, and not on mounts and tripods that are less than top-quality mechanically (meaning heavy and expensive). And as Terence Dickinson and Alan Dyer say in their Backyard Astronomer's Guide, "A full appreciation of the universe cannot come without developing the skills to find things in the sky and understanding how the sky works. This knowledge comes only by spending time under the stars with star maps in hand."

This Week's Planet Roundup

Deep image of Mars, Antares and surroundings Aug. 25, 2016
Zooming deep, Damian Peach caught Mars passing 2° above Antares on August 25th. Their colors appear the same here, though your eyes may see fainter Antares as distinctly redder. Almost filling the frame are nebulae in three forms: reflection nebula lit by Antares, dark nebulae in the vicinity of Rho Ophiuchi (which is outside the top of the frame), and hydrogen-red emission nebula, especially around Sigma Scorpii at right.The globular clusters M4 and NGC 6144 shine through from the far background. Peach used a 106-mm F/5 wide-field apo astrograph refractor and a FLI Proline camera. Click for full-res, labeled image.

Mercury is hidden in the glare of the Sun.

Venus (magnitude –3.8) is very low in the west in bright twilight. Look for it 20 or 30 minutes after sunset from a spot with a good open western view.

Jupiter by Juno, processed by Sean Walker
Jupiter like you haven't seen it. The Juno spacecraft imaged it from the side, and S&T's imaging editor Sean Walker assembled and detail-enhanced this rendition. He writes, "Junocam uses a drift-scan camera and the images come down in strips that have to be assembled per color, and each strip has some additional rotation due to the time lapse between scans and the planet’s rapid rotation, which I corrected for using distortion tools in Photoshop. Here is my result; still some artifacts, but not too bad. No polar hexagon on the king o’ planets, but a lot of chaos!" NASA press release.

Jupiter, following its conjunction with Venus on August 27th, has slid away pretty much out of sight down to Venus's lower right. It's passing around the far side of the Sun.

Mars (magnitude –0.2, in the feet of Ophiuchus) continues moving eastward away from Saturn (magnitude +0.5) and Antares (+1.0, below Saturn) in the south-southwest at nightfall. The triangle they make is widening.

Uranus (magnitude 5.8, in Pisces) and Neptune (magnitude 7.8, in Aquarius) are well up by midnight in the southeast and south, respectively. Info and finder charts.


All descriptions that relate to your horizon — including the words up, down, right, and left — are written for the world's mid-northern latitudes. Descriptions that also depend on longitude (mainly Moon positions) are for North America.

Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) is Universal Time (UT, UTC, or GMT) minus 4 hours.


"This adventure is made possible by generations of searchers strictly adhering to a simple set of rules. Test ideas by experiments and observations. Build on those ideas that pass the test. Reject the ones that fail. Follow the evidence wherever it leads, and question everything. Accept these terms, and the cosmos is yours."
— Neil deGrasse Tyson


Image of John-Erickson


September 2, 2016 at 7:35 pm

For September 6, change the zenith star from "Venus" to "Vega."

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