Some daily events in the changing sky for May 25 – June 2.

Looking west-northwest at dusk

Don't miss the two innermost planets shining after sunset in Gemini — and watch them moving rapidly from day to day. (The blue 10° scale is about the size of your fist held at arm's length.)

Sky & Telescope diagram

Friday, May 25

  • When the stars begin to come out in twilight at this time of year, Vega is at the same height in the northeast as Capella is in the northwest. These are the brightest stars in the May evening sky — along with Arcturus very high in the southeast.

    Saturday, May 26

  • With Bootes high overhead in the evening, now's a fine time to check in on the semiregular red variable star V Bootis using big binoculars or a small scope. See the May Sky & Telescope, page 62.

    Sunday, May 27

  • Look for Spica only about 2° from the waxing gibbous Moon (as seen from North America).

    Monday, May 28

  • The Big Dipper is very high overhead these evenings. When the stars come out it lies upside down almost horizontally (face north), then within two hours it twists around to hang straight down by its handle (face northwest).

    Tuesday, May 29

  • It's still spring, but the Summer Triangle is up in the east by about 11 p.m. daylight saving time. Its top star is Vega, which dominates the high eastern sky. Deneb is the brightest star to Vega's lower left (by 2 or 3 fist-widths at arm's length). Look even farther to Vega's lower right for Altair on the rise.

    Wednesday, May 30

  • Venus is 4° south (lower left) of Pollux. It's also less than 3/4° from fainter Kappa Geminorum (magnitude 3.6).

  • The brightest asteroid, 4 Vesta, is at opposition. It's shining at an unusually bright magnitude 5.4 — distinctly visible to the unaided eye in a good sky — not far from Jupiter. This is the brightest that Vesta has become for 18 years. See our article and finder chart.

    Thursday, May 31

  • Full Moon (exact at 9:04 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time). This is the second full Moon in May for the time zones of the Americas, so it's called a Blue Moon. In the time zones of Europe and Asia, June will be the month that gets two full Moons.

  • Antares twinkles above the Moon during evening and Jupiter shines farther to its left, as shown below.

    Friday, June 1

  • Mercury is at greatest elongation, 23° east of the Sun in evening twilight. See "This Week's Planet Roundup" below.

    Saturday, June 2

  • This evening Venus is just about perfectly lined up with Pollux and Castor to its right.

    Moon and Jupiter

    Watch the big bright Moon pass through Scorpius and under Jupiter as May turns to June. (These diagrams are drawn for the middle of North America. European observers: move each Moon symbol a quarter of the way toward the one for the previous date. For clarity, the Moon is shown three times actual size.)

    Sky & Telescope diagram.

    Want to become a better amateur astronomer? Learn your way around the constellations. They're the key to locating everything fainter and deeper to hunt with binoculars or a telescope. For an easy-to-use constellation guide covering the whole evening sky, use the big monthly foldout map in each issue of Sky & Telescope, the essential magazine of astronomy. Or download our free Getting Started in Astronomy booklet (which only has bimonthly maps).

    Once you get a telescope, to put it to good use you'll need a detailed, large-scale sky atlas (set of maps; the standard is Sky Atlas 2000.0) and good deep-sky guidebooks (such as Sky Atlas 2000.0 Companion or the enchanting though dated Burnham's Celestial Handbook). Read here how to use them most effectively.

    More beginners' tips: "How to Start Right in Astronomy".

    This Week's Planet Roundup

    Mercury (about magnitude 0) is usually elusive, but right now it's having a fine apparition in evening twilight. Don't miss it! Look for Mercury low in the west-northwest about an hour after sunset, far to the lower right of bright Venus.

    Venus in ultraviolet and infrared, May 20, 2007

    Sky & Telescope's Sean Walker continues to image Venus as the planet slowly wanes and enlarges. On May 20th its clouds were full of detail in both ultraviolet (UV) and near-infrared (IR) light. The Universal Times of the exposures are given. Walker made the color rendition by showing ultraviolet as blue, infrared as red, and adding a green channel created by interpolating between the two.

    S&T: Sean Walker

    Venus (magnitude –4.3, in Gemini) is the brilliant "Evening Star" in the west during and after twilight. Pollux and Castor are lined up above it at the beginning of the week, and to its right by June 2nd. In a telescope, Venus appears just about perfectly half-lit.

    Mars (magnitude +0.9, in Pisces) is gradually getting higher in the east before and during dawn. It's the orange-yellow dot below the Great Square of Pegasus.

    Jupiter (magnitude –2.6, in southern Ophiuchus) rises in the east-southeast during twilight and dominates the south by 1 a.m. daylight saving time. Antares, less bright, sparkles 8° to its right during the evening, and lower right after midnight. Jupiter will be at opposition on June 5th.

    Saturn (magnitude +0.5, in Leo) shines high in the west during evening, far upper left of bright Venus (by 30° to 23° this week). Watch these two closing in on each other. They're on their way to a close conjunction at the end of June.

    Regulus, less bright at magnitude +1.4, is 10° or 11° to Saturn's upper left. North of Regulus is 2nd-magnitude Algieba (Gamma Leonis), a fine telescopic double star.

    Uranus (magnitude 6, in Aquarius) is in the east-southeast before dawn.

    Neptune (magnitude 8, in Capricornus) is higher in the southeast before dawn.

    Pluto (magnitude 14, in northwestern Sagittarius) is not far from Jupiter in the south during early morning hours.

    All descriptions that relate to your horizon — including the words up, down, right, and left — are written for the world's midnorthern latitudes. Descriptions that also depend on longitude (mainly Moon positions) are for North America. Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) equals Universal Time (UT, UTC, or GMT) minus 4 hours.

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