Although best known for his long-running BBC television series, The Sky at Night, Sir Patrick Moore was a dedicated skywatcher whose contributions to amateur astronomy will endure.

Sir Patrick Moore in 2006

Sir Patrick Moore at his home in 2006, surrounded by mementos and the Woodstock manual typewriter that he wrote with for decades.

Copyright Jamie Cooper (used with permission).

There's a new and deep rift in the fabric of astronomy worldwide, as news spreads of the death of Sir Patrick Moore today. He died peacefully at age 89 at his longtime home in Selsey, England.

A statement by his friends and staff reads, in part: "After a short spell in hospital last week, it was determined that no further treatment would benefit him, and it was his wish to spend his last days in his own home, Farthings, where he today passed on, in the company of close friends and caregivers and his cat, Ptolemy.

"Over the past few years, Patrick, an inspiration to generations of astronomers, fought his way back from many serious spells of illness and continued to work and write at a great rate, but this time his body was too weak to overcome the infection which set in a few weeks ago.

"His executors and close friends plan to fulfill his wishes for a quiet ceremony of interment, but a farewell event is planned for what would have been Patrick's 90th birthday in March 2013."

It's hard to fathom the influence that Moore had on the popularization of astronomy across a span of more than 60 years. But his career didn't start that way. Born on March 4, 1923, Moore was interested in astronomy from a very young age. By age 11 he'd gotten his first telescope and had joined the British Astronomical Association. Three years later he made a presentation titled "Small craters in Mare Crisium" at a BAA meeting. Moore served as a navigator for the Royal Air Force during World War II and briefly served as director of Armagh Planetarium in Ireland.

Moore was a prolific writer: he once estimated that, counting different editions and reprints in all languages, his name probably appears on more than 1,000 books. His first effort, Guide to the Moon, appeared in 1952 and demonstrated his keen observing eye. He wrote it — and every other book and his scads of articles afterward — on a 1908 Woodstock typewriter.

Patrick Moore on the BBC

Patrick Moore (left) discusses astronomy with Gilbert Fielder during a 1960 BBC broadcast.

Sky & Telescope / Patrick Moore

It didn't take long for Moore's enthusiasm and expertise to draw wider attention — particularly with the British Broadcasting Company. As Moore recalls in a 2010 article for Astronomy Now magazine, "Television for me began when a science producer read a book of mine and invited me to write and present a programme, The Sky at Night." The BBC show debuted on April 24, 1957, and Moore made his last appearance this past week in an episode about new findings on Mercury and the Moon. With more than 720 episodes spanning 55 years, The Sky at Night stands as the longest-running program featuring the same host in television history.

Legions of amateur astronomers will forever remember (and thank) Moore for creating the Caldwell Catalog — his actual surname was Caldwell-Moore, but he rarely used it "because it takes longer to write and I am naturally lazy," he once noted. Introduced by Sky & Telescope in 1995, the Caldwell Catalog includes 109 splendid celestial sights — among them the Rosette nebula and the Omega Centauri globular cluster, for example — that were never included in Messier's famous list.

Moore's health had declined during the past decade, consequences of arthritis in his hands and the lingering effects of a wartime spinal injury. These infirmities forced him to record his BBC appearances from his home and to share the show's hosting with British astronomer Chris Lintott and others. Early this year, Moore lamented that he could no longer observe through his telescope — nor spend time with his piano or xylophone, both of which he played very well.

Sir Patrick Moore's 80th birthday

British astronomer Sir Patrick Moore celebrates his 80th birthday in 2003 with the launch of his long-awaited autobiography, 80 Not Out. Michèle Brown, director of publishing for Contender Books, holds a copy.

I asked present and former S&T editors to share some of their favorite moments with the celebrated British astronomer. Here's a sampling:

Fellow countryman Adrian Ashford recalls meeting Moore during a vacation to Selsey in 1974. "Being a typically gauche 12-year-old, I persuaded my reluctant parents to visit his house, uninvited, early one evening. Sir Patrick was unfailingly gracious and generous of his time, enthusiastically showing us his observatories and giving us the chance to view through his 15-inch Newtonian telescope. My desire to pursue a career in astronomy was kindled that night."

"Will we ever know how many people Patrick Moore turned on to astronomy?" laments former managing editor Timothy Lyster. "Suffice it to say that my own lifelong interest was sparked by The Sky at Night (the theme music is playing as I type, and it's stirring stuff). I signed up for the newsletter — which looked like he'd typed it himself the night before — eagerly awaiting its arrival each month. After college, our paths met again, when I edited the British publication Astronomy Now. One time he came to visit the office, and we took a walk down Uxbridge Road. It was the strangest experience. Everyone stopped and gawked, and for a few fleeting moments I knew what it would be like to be recognized everywhere you go."

Roger Sinnott remembers when Moore visited Sky & Telescope's offices in the mid-1990s. "A group of us were walking from one building to another, and suddenly Patrick darted out into the middle of the road to take our picture — without looking either way for oncoming cars!"

And editor emeritus Rick Fienberg recalls a particularly funny story he was told about Moore that might be apocryphal but seems too far-fetched to be true. "Apparently on one of his many trips, Patrick packed a bottle of wine in his suitcase," Fienberg says. "Thanks to some rough handling of the suitcase, the bottle broke. When Patrick retrieved the suitcase and found it dripping, he sought out a large bowl, then proceeded to wring out his wet clothing over it to collect as much of the wine as he could salvage, which he later drank!"

My most endearing recollection of Moore dates to August 2000, a year before he was knighted, when he and I covered the IAU's General Assembly in Manchester, England. He kept going at the keys of his trusty typewriter, pounding out stories for the meeting's daily digest of stories. We shared a few chuckles — and he ever so briefly dropped the monocled, sternly serious persona seen in virtually every photograph. (Moore's trademark monocle, which he wore since age 16, was not a prop. He had perfect vision in one eye and didn't see the point of wearing a pair of spectacles with a plain lens on one side.)

I think it's a safe bet that Moore kindled a passion for astronomy in untold thousands of amateurs over the years. He will be sorely missed.


Image of Michael Boschat

Michael Boschat

December 9, 2012 at 12:07 pm

Got me interested me in astronomy 1960. Corresponded since that time with him. Last year I sent him a tektite...he was pleased at that. I also have some of his typed letters an signatures and 2 of books.
The 1st one I read by him "Your Book of Astronomy". After 4 years of looking in used book stores I found it!!.. that was like my Indiana Jones holy grail. He sent me one a bit worn a 2nd update of it,I think, with editors marks on corrections he should make.. it's sealed and in my trunk!

He will be missed for sure... he said he hoped we could meet... he came to Halifax to learn to fly for the war and said "bet it has altered..." ...

RIP Sir Patrick! he hated people calling him that "Sir", just Partick was find Will miss the correspondence with him we had since the 1960's

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Adrian Boyer

December 9, 2012 at 1:07 pm

Growing up in the UK some 50 years ago, Patrick Moore kindled my interest in Astronomy that has stayed with me my entire life. He is to be thanked for his many contributions to amateur astronomy and will be sadly missed.

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December 9, 2012 at 3:32 pm

I'm only 12, and I didn't know who this person was. After reading about it a bit more, I realize what the did for a lot of people. He looks like he was a really good person, and I would have done anything to meet him. RIP Sir Patrick Moore.

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Eric Escalera

December 11, 2012 at 7:00 am

Not even a supernova could have brightened the night that Sr Patrick Moore passed away. I met him at the embassy of Chile in London in 2008, and he was the only true "excellency" of the audience!...

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Larry Krozel

December 11, 2012 at 3:39 pm

My first Patrick Moore book was "Watchers of the Stars". I was only nine years old when I borrowed it from my local library. I devoured every word on every page! My budding interest in astronomy was kindled into a wildfire which, thanks in large part to Sir Patrick, has never dwindled. I now have my own copy of that marvelous book, and it is bittersweet to read through it once again.
To Sir Patrick Moore: A true "Watcher of the Stars"!

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John O'Neal

December 14, 2012 at 2:20 pm

I'm an amateur astronomer from Omaha, Nebraska. I bought Patrick Moore's Amateur Astronomy when I was in high school in the early 1970's.I still have it. He was a very entertaining and informative writer who helped me gain a love for astronomy that has stayed with me all my life. He will be greatly missed.

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December 14, 2012 at 8:41 pm

So Sad!

He inspired so many, including me. We'll look for his star in the heavens ...

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Nigel Rotherham

December 15, 2012 at 2:07 am

Very sad news... I also have several signed books with one in particular (1001 questions and answers...) being a valuable ongoing source of information where always possible to find something new to learn. Years ago had privilege to chat 'one on one' after presentation at the Johannesburg Planetarium - definitely a 'memory making occasion'. RIP Sir Patrick Moore

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December 18, 2012 at 2:36 am

Sir Patrick Moore

Great astronomer, goodbye friend !

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Rajasekar Vaidyanathan

December 19, 2012 at 8:34 am

It's a great loss for the amateur astronomer community. Whenever I come across any book by Sir Patrick Moore at any of the libraries I enter, I will never miss to read / refer it.

You live in the hearts of amateur astronomers worldwide for ever.

RIP Sir Patrick Moore.

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