181–200 of 239 results

Cosmology

A Galaxy when Galaxies Were Young

News media worldwide are reporting today on the new "farthest galaxy ever found," but the discovery is not quite as definite as it’s being made out.

People, Places, and Events

Shining New Light on "Hanny's Voorwerp"

A mysterious, galaxy-size cloud of glowing gas, discovered by a Dutch schoolteacher in 2007, is teaching cosmologists a thing or two about how quasars work.

Cosmology

The Most Distant Galaxy Cluster

Many instruments working together have profiled a baby galaxy group, seen not long after the Big Bang, of the kind that probably evolved into our Milky Way.

Galaxies

Starry, Starry, Starry Night

Two astronomers report that small, dim red-dwarf stars are far more abundant in elliptical galaxies than thought — so much so that the total number of stars in the universe is likely three times higher than previous estimates.

Cosmology

Cosmology's Distance Record Shattered

It's official: a dim blip spotted last year by the Hubble Space Telescope is a primordial galaxy that blazed to life only about 600 million years after the Big Bang — and that means it's more than 13 billion light-years from Earth.

Cosmology

A New Twist on Dark Energy

Careful observations of the galaxy cluster Abell 1869, so massive that it bends the light from dozens of more distant galaxies, have given cosmologists a powerful new tool in their quest to understand dark energy.

Planck's universe

Spacecraft and Space Missions

Planck's View of the Universe

A new all-sky map is showing cosmologists both the nearby, current universe and the faint echoes from its creation 13.7 billion years ago.

Fornax wall illustration

Cosmology

Last “Missing” Normal Matter Is Found

Thin, elusive gas between the galaxies makes up about half of all the normal matter in the universe — neatly completing the inventory.

Cosmology

Herschel's Cold, Wonderful Universe

European astronomers are ecstatic about the results they're getting from an infrared space observatory launched a year ago.

Cosmology

A New Take on M81's Halo

Astronomers have now clearly resolved a halo of old stars surrounding a well-known galaxy in Ursa Major. But they're not sure how it got there.

Cosmology

Hubble Confirms Dark Energy's Clout

Thanks to a huge photographic survey undertaken by the Hubble Space Telescope, cosmologists have used the distorted shapes of primordial galaxies to "weigh" the distribution of unseen matter in the early universe and confirm the existence of the mysterious "dark energy."

Cosmology

Supernova Mystery Remains Just That

Despite a recent claim, astronomers still don't understand an important class of exploding stars.

Cosmology

Spiral Galaxies Exist — But Why?

New observations of the early universe, combined with models of how galaxies formed and collided in the eons since, are helping cosmologists understand why so many beautiful pinwheels dot the sky.

Cosmology

WMAP Refines "Precision Cosmology"

With seven years of data, the WMAP cosmology satellite has refined the age of the universe and other key cosmic parameters. The results strengthen the "standard model" of inflationary cosmology.

Cosmology

Dark Matter and Dark Energy Update

From the Milky Way's halo to the far reaches of the cosmos, the two dominating components of the universe are revealing more hints about themselves.

Cosmology

A Breeding Ground for Cosmic Rays

It took 137 hours of staring at the starburst galaxy M82 by a quartet of large telescopes in Arizona, but astronomers have finally confirmed a long-held theory about where the universe's most potent particles originates.

Cosmology

Hubble Goes Deep(est) Again

A remarkable new view from the reinvigorated Hubble Space Telescope reveals primordial galaxies seen only about 600 million years after the Big Bang.

Cosmology

Blast from the Very Far Past

A gamma-ray burst seen to occur last April happened in the era of the earliest stars, when the universe was only 630 million years old and the "reionization era" was getting under way. But this news isn't exactly news.

Temperature map of the CMB

Spacecraft and Space Missions

Planck Sees "First Light"

European astronomers are delighted that their new microwave-background spacecraft has successfully begun making its highly detailed map of tiny temperature variations across the sky — the key to revealing insights about how the Big Bang happened and how the earliest galaxies formed.

LIGO gravity-wave detector

Cosmology

New Limits on the Big Bang

LIGO, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory, has just announced its first big astronomy result: Two years of data rule out certain versions of the inflationary-universe theory of what drove the Big Bang.

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